December 9th, 2018

Art Basel Miami Beach 2018

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Art Basel Miami Beach 2018
Cameron Rowland at Essex Street
Courtesy of the artist and Essex Street, New York

Cameron Rowland
Entitlements, 2018
Museum banner, hardware
96 × 35 inches (243.84 × 88.90 cm)

The redlining map of Los Angeles drawn by the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation in 1939 gave Bunker Hill, block D37, the lowest possible rating. The report indicated that residents were “low-income level” and were predominantly “Mexicans and Orientals.” The HOLC’s Residential Security Map report for Bunker Hill states:

"It has been through all the phases of decline and is now thoroughly blighted. Subversive racial elements predominate; dilapidation and squalor are everywhere in evidence. It is a slum area and one of the city’s melting pots. There is a slum clearance project under consideration but no definite steps have as yet been taken. It is assigned the lowest of “low red” grade."

The Community Redevelopment Agency of the City of Los Angeles was formed in 1948. The CRA was granted powers of eminent domain to be used in the redevelopment of “blighted” areas. Through seizure and through sales under the threat of eminent domain, all 7,310 residential units were demolished and their residents were forcibly removed.

In 1980, the CRA issued a request for proposals for a project called California Plaza, which was to include an outdoor pedestrian plaza, a parking structure, and a modern art museum. The museum outlined in the winning proposal became The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

Governmental approvals issued to real estate developers are referred to as entitlements.